What is hydropower energy?
Today we deciphered what hydropower and hydropower energy are. Hydropower or hydroelectricity refers to the conversion of potential energy from flowing water into electricity.
related; Hydropower Facts and Uses
How does hydropower energy work?
First, engineers build the dam in a suitable place for hydropower energy. Bottom of the dam, there is a device that extends the turbine and shaft connected to the generator. As a result, the conversion is straightforward.
Hydropower, which is a renewable energy source, generate electricity by using flows of the water. Besides, Hydroelectric power convert the power of running water into electricity. It also determines the amount of energy in flowing water or the flow rate of water. Water flowing in a big river carries a large amount of potential energy. In other saying, when watercourse drops from a very high area, a high amount of energy is obtained.
In both ways, the water taken into the ducts or pipes flows into the turbines, allowing the turbines with propellers to rotate to generate electricity. So turbines are connected to generators and convert mechanical energy into electrical energy.
Hydropower, which is a renewable energy source, is converted to electricity with flows of the water.
Why are the renewable energy centre used?
- To obtain electrical energy from renewable water
- No greenhouse gas emissions
- Construction can be done with local facilities
- Long service life and lack of fuel costs.
Advantages of the Hydropower energy
There are many advantages of hydropower energy;
- Creating employment opportunities,
- Long service life and lack of fuel costs,
- Low operational maintenance costs,
- To obtain power from renewable water,
- It is the most important renewable energy source in terms of revitalizing economic and social structure in rural areas.
Disadvantages of the Hydropower Energy
- Effects of the water
The creation of large water dams interferes with the status of the aquatic fish species. Therefore fish types in the area are affected negatively.
- Environmental impacts
Decreasing or increasing water causes some plant species to disappear. However, some animals come from their habitats. Hydroelectric energy not only affects wetlands but also displaces people residing near the dam. Therefore, many people in the area are forced to move.
- High establish the cost of hydroelectric power plants
The creation of hydroelectric power plants and dams requires a high budget. While hydroelectric energy is a cheap cost, the construction of a dam will cost about $ 20 billion, and it takes many years to finish.
- Consumer impact
Hydroelectric power depends on the presence of water. However, the amount of water supply will be limited when drought arrives. Reduction of water flow will affect the high price of electricity consumption and cause limited use of electricity.
- Climate impact
The climate of the region they are changing is changing, and the environment is getting warmer. Ecologists see a significant amount of moisture is beginning. This moisture causes changes in plant and animal diversity. The water temperature is changing. Because of the water attitude, the river’s ecosystem is deteriorating.