What is Biomass Energy? What is Biomass Energy Used for?
There is an easy explanation of the biomass energy if you don’t know biomass energy definition. The natural renewable energy is an energy type obtained by using biomass wastes and burning or by different processes. The renewable energy is showed among renewable energy sources. Besides, biomass energy is a clear energy source.
Using area of the Biomass energy is 2 kinds. There are two using type of the energy type. They are classic and modern use.
Classic biomass energy; Firewood and animal waste is showed as examples to classic biomass energy. The most important feature of the classical bio energy use is to obtain heat energy by directly burning the biomass waste.
Modern biomass energy; the natjraç renewable energy type is derived from energy forestry products, energy agriculture products, agricultural industry waste products and urban wastes.
The biomass materials are processed by various techniques and made into solid, liquid and or gaseous fuels. There are many biofuels. Therefore, the energy is shown among the clean, sustainable and renewable energy sources of the future.
What is Biomass?
Have you ever wonder what is biomass? Biomass is a mass of living organisms belonging to a species or a society of various species at a given time. In other words, biomass is live mass. Also, there are 2 types of the biomass. These are the masses of plant origin and animal origin.
Biomass is also called the energy-containing form of fossil-derived carbon.
Biomass Energy Production Methods
There are also three basic methods are used to obtain biomass energy;
- Physical methods
- Thermal methods
- biochemical and microbial methods
Some biomass energy acquisition methods and usage areas;
- Forest Waste: Forest waste is converted into biogas. Besides, the biogas obtained from this is used in electricity production.
- Agricultural Waste: Thanks to agricultural wastes, Ethanol is by using ”Pyrolysis“ technique. Besides, People use the ethanol for heating purposes.
- Energy Crops: Energy plants are directly burned so hydrogen is obtained. Also, Water is used for heating purposes.
- Animal Wastes: Methane is obtained from animal wastes using the ant fermentation lard technique. Used mostly in cars.
- Organic wastes: Methanol is obtained in organic wastes by using “Gasification’’ Methanol is used in aircraft.
- Algae: Algae is living organisms and synthetic oils are obtained from the algae with Hydrolysis technique. Also, the synthetic oils is used in rockets.
- Energy Forests: Diesel is obtained by Bio photosynthesis technique.
What is Biomass wastes?
There are a lot of biomass wastes;
- Waste of vegetable products in agriculture and forestry
- Vegetable wastes from product processing
- Fibrous vegetable wastes produced in paper production
- Cork wastes
In a simple way, biofuels call solid, liquid or gaseous fuels produced from a biomass. It is possible to generate heat energy or electrical energy from biomass. Therefore, biofuel is produced from biomass. Some biofuels are also mixed with fossil fuels. For this, the largest sample can be called biodiesel.
Why Use Biofuels?
There are many reasons to use biofuels. In short, the reasons why biofuels are used?
- To reduce the environmental damage to fossil fuels
- To reduce the risk of exhaust emissions to human health and the environment
- To reduce dependence on foreign energy
- Biofuels should be used for the economic and technological development of rural areas.
Biofuels can be divided into?
Biofuels are basically divided into three. These are solid bio-fuels, gas biofuels and liquid biofuels.
- Solid Biofuels: Biochar and Biobret (Biopelet) are 2 types.
- Gas Biofuels: Biogas, Biosynthesis Gas and Biohydrogen.
- Liquid Biofuels: Biodiesel, Bioethanol (Etbe), Biomethanol (Mtbe) and Bio-oil.