What is Biomass Energy? What is Biomass Energy Used for?
In case you don’t know the biomass energy definition, there is a comprehensible explanation of the biomass energy. Biomass energy is an energy type obtained by using biomass wastes and burning, or by different processes. Biomass energy is a sort of renewable energy source. Besides, biomass energy is a clean and green energy source.
First of all, the area of usage of Biomass energy is two kinds. We subdivide biomass energy types in classic and modern usage.
Classic biomass energy; Firewood and animal waste are examples to classic biomass energy. The most important feature of classical bioenergy use is to obtain heat energy by directly burning biomass waste.
Modern biomass energy; the natural renewable energy type is derived from energy forestry products, energy agriculture products, agricultural industry waste products, and urban wastes.
Furthermore, we process the biomass materials by various techniques and make them into solid, liquid and/or gaseous fuels. There are many biofuels. Therefore, the energy is shown among the clean, sustainable and renewable energy sources of the future.
What is Biomass?
Have you ever wonder what is biomass? Biomass is a mass of living organisms belonging to a species or a society of various species at a given time. In other words, biomass is live mass. Also, there are two types of biomass. These are the masses of plant origin and animal origin.
Biomass is also called the energy-containing form of fossil-derived carbon.
Biomass Energy Production Methods
Essentially, there are three methods to obtain biomass energy;
- Physical methods
- Thermal methods
- biochemical and microbial methods
Here are some biomass energy acquisition methods, and area of uses;
- Forest Waste: We utilize forest waste by converting into biogas. Besides, we use the biogas obtained from the forest wastes in electricity production.
- Agricultural Waste: Because of the agricultural wastes, Ethanol is utilized by using ”Pyrolysis“ technique. Besides, People use ethanol for heating purposes.
- Energy Crops: Another method is burning energy plants to obtain hydrogen. Also, we use water for heating purposes.
- Animal Wastes: Methane is obtained from animal wastes using the ant fermentation lard technique. This energy is used mostly in cars.
- Organic wastes: Methanol is obtained from organic wastes by using “Gasification’’. Methanol is used in aircraft.
- Algae: Algaes are living organisms and synthetic oils are obtained from algaes with Hydrolysis technique. Also, scientists use synthetic oils in rockets.
- Energy Forests: Diesel is obtained by Bio photosynthesis technique.
What are Biomass wastes?
There are lots of biomass wastes;
- Waste of vegetable products in agriculture and forestry
- Vegetable wastes from product processing
- Fibrous vegetable wastes produced in paper production
- Cork wastes
Simply, biofuels call solid, liquid or gaseous fuels produced from biomass. It is possible to generate heat energy or electrical energy from biomass. Hence, biofuel is produced from biomass. Some biofuels are also mixed with fossil fuels. For this, we call the largest sample ‘biodiesel’.
Why Use Biofuels?
There are many reasons to use biofuels. In short, the reasons why biofuels are used?
- To reduce the environmental damage to fossil fuels
- To reduce the risk of exhaust emissions to human health and the environment
- To reduce dependence on foreign energy
- Biofuels should be used for the economic and technological development of rural areas.
Biofuels can be divided into:
Biofuels are divided into three. These are solid biofuels, gas biofuels, and liquid biofuels.
- Solid Biofuels: Biochar and Biobret (Biopelet) are 2 types.
- Gas Biofuels: Biogas, Biosynthesis Gas and Biohydrogen.
- Liquid Biofuels: Biodiesel, Bioethanol (Etbe), Bio methanol (Mtbe) and Bio-oil.