BENEFITS OF BIOMASS ENERGY
We know there are many benefits of biomass energy. However, do we know what is biomass? Biomass is one of the renewable energy sources which is derived from wood and waste. The renewable energy source is the first energy source of humanity used from the first ages to the Industrial Revolution.
Biomass is not only used to generate electricity but also to produce heat. If we give an example; burning wood in a cave is also a form of biomass energy, a simple conversion of organic material to heat. After the Industrial Revolution, biomass is replaced by coal and oil. However, biomass is still of great importance for developing countries today.
According to the research of the International Energy Agency, biomass energy accounted for 11% of the world’s final energy consumption in the year 2001 (Karekezi, Lata and Coelho 2004). This percentage was 18% for Latin America, 25% for Asia and 49% for Africa. Biomass energy has many benefits for the security of energy, socio-economic development, and the environment.
Security of Energy
Biomass is mostly derived from plants. As long as plants exist in the world, biomass will also be present. Therefore, biomass is an energy source that is commonly found in the world. Biomass can help to significantly reduce the country’s dependence on fossil fuels.
Biomass is a common source of energy. Sources include agriculture, forestry, fisheries, aquaculture, algae, and waste. Many experts agree that when you combine the economic and environmental character of energy sources, biomass is one of the best sources of energy.
Biomass energy can stimulate growth in agriculture, forestry and rural sector leading to general rural development. Biomass energy can provide an efficient way to use agricultural and forest waste as well as fields.
The Environment Effect of Biomass Energy
The human population is constantly increasing and as the human population increases, the waste rate in the world is increasing at the same rate. These wastes are polluting our environment and have negative effects on our health. Instead of polluting our environment with these wastes, we can use them as an energy source and make our environment livable.
Biomass is part of the carbon cycle. Carbon from the atmosphere is absorbed by the plant during photosynthesis. If the plant dies or burns, the absorbed carbon returns to the atmosphere. But it is not a problem because the next plant will re-absorb that carbon. There is a balance between the amount of carbon released by the biomass fuel into the atmosphere and the amount they remove from it. This is why biomass is safe and beneficial for our environment.